[51][67] The Conservancy Environment Department of the corporation provides Solid Waste Management services in the city. Chicken Neck is closely monitored by Assam Rifles, West Bengal Police, Indian Army and Border Security Force. Developed by PeoplesMagnet !! [13] It lies 35 kilometres west of its twin city, Jalpaiguri. [17], The "Siliguri Corridor" was formed when Bengal was divided into West Bengal and East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) in 1947, with Sikkim later merging with India in 1975. Situated in the Jalpaiguri and Siliguri districts of West Bengal, Siliguri is a city known as the Gateway to North-East India. Dashain is an important festival for the Nepali speaking Hindus in Siliguri, while Hindi and Bhojpuri speakers celebrate Diwali, Holi and Chhath Puja. The highways NH 327, that connects Siliguri — Panitanki and NH 327B connecting Panitanki - Mechi Bridg, are also part of AH2. The airport also has regular helicopter services to Gangtok. In 1938, the Union Board was set up in Siliguri under the Bengal Village Self-Government Act, 1919 and it provided public utilities in the city. Known as The Gateway of Northeast India,[1] Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. If you wish to explore Northeast India by roads, you would have to pass through the famous Siliguri Corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck. It was built between 1879 and 1881 and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Chicken's Neck–also known as the Siliguri Corridor—is a narrow strip of land, 24 kilometers (15 mi) in width separating India from its northeast states. It has 5-6 usual rides with a mini Ropeway also. The park conducts herbivore safaris, carnivore safaris, and elephant safaris. [147] This has also led to Siliguri being a prominent city to produce national champions like Mantu Ghosh, the gold medalist winner in the bi-annual South Asian Games (SAF) for table tennis, Ankita Das,[148] Nandita Saha[149] and Soumyajit Ghosh[150] another internationally acclaimed table tennis player and Wriddhiman Saha – Indian international cricketer who plays Test matches for Indian national team. The Indian Army considering its own strategic interests due to the proximity of this area to Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, and a friendly neighbour's concerns had intervened to stop the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) advance in Sharsingma or … It is fundamentally a part of the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary, spread over an area of 700 acres. Till 1921, most aspects of local governance in Darjeeling district, including Siliguri, was looked after by the Darjeeling Improvement Fund. [172] The ideal tranquil location for meditation was established by Tibetan monks and followers of Dalai Lama. The “Chicken’s Neck”, also known as the Siliguri Corridor, is a small area of land that has been the center of a regional controversy in Asia for more than 50 years. It will also serve as a way for India to bolster its connectivity to Chicken’s Neck, also called the Siliguri Corridor, that connects the rest of the country to the eight northeastern states. NH 27 crosses through the heart of the city[75] which is now a part of AH2 project. The forest here is moist Tropical and characterised by dense growth of tall Sal i.e. [61] A Board of Administrators was established with the outgoing mayor, Ashok Bhattacharya, as the Chairperson. 2- It is located in West Bengal and connects India's North-East states to the rest of the country. In 1959, it received the status of a sanctuary mainly to protect the Indian bison and royal bengal tiger. The corporation now has 23 departments. The “Chicken’s Neck”, also known as the Siliguri Corridor, is a small area of land that has been the center of a regional controversy in Asia for more than 50 years. Siliguri has now achieved the status of becoming the 2nd largest metropolitan city in West Bengal, after Kolkata. India and Bangladesh are set to inaugurate a new railway line that will resume trans-border railway connectivity between the two countries after 55 years. As far as chicken neck is concerned, China has been eyeing it for a long time. Also known as Donglang or Dolam, the plateau belongs to Bhutan. The area is marked in red. The corridor, also known as the “Chicken’s Neck,” is a stretch that is around 50km long and lies between North Dinajpur and Darjeeling districts of Bengal. Siliguri started as a small area i.e. This entire area is important for the supply of troops and supplies to the Rajas of Eastern India. Siliguri also originates NH 10 which connects Gangtok,[77][78] NH 12 which connects Pankhabari-Mirik. Siliguri Corridor which is 60 km long and 22 km wide in our Incredible India is known as the Chicken’s Neck which connects the North-Eastern states of India with the other parts of our country. The Siliguri Corridor was created in 1947 after the partition of Bengal between India and Pakistan (former state of East Bengal, now independent Bangladesh). This rail service is being started after a long wait of 5 decades. [179], North Bengal Science Centre, established in 1997, is the only science sentre of North Bengal.The main attractions are Digital Planetarium, Science Shows, 3D Theater, Taramandal Shows, science galleries and a green Science Park. These forests are characterised by their distinct wildlife variety. [56] Its function was to dispose off night soil. This follows the establishment of similar boards first in state capital Kolkata and then the rest of the state. [167] Gajoldoba view point is 28 km from Siliguri, famous for the huge reservoir formed by Teesta barrage. [63] The last elections to the West Bengal Vidhan Sabha took place in 2016. Geographically Northeast India is at a slight disadvantage as the connectivity is very limited. Siliguri touched 46.83% of population growth rate in 1981–1991. This airport is a major transport hub in the region with flights connecting Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Guwahati, Dibrugarh and has international connectivity with Paro and Bangkok. The literacy rate in Siliguri is 77.64%. Department of Municipal Affairs", "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Cities having population 1 lakh and above-sex ratio", "Siliguri- the gateway to the northeast India", "Earthquake jolts Sikkim and part of Darjeeling", "7.9 magnitude earthquake effected Siliguri heavily", "38 cities in India fall in high risk earthquake zones", "Heatwave likely to trouble people of Siliguri for few more days", "শীতে কাঁপছে উত্তরবঙ্গ, শিলিগুড়িতে পারদ নামল ৩ ডিগ্রিতে", "রেকর্ড পতন পারদের, কোথায় তাপমাত্রা কত? Sukna is the gateway to this sanctuary, which is 12 km from Siliguri. [66] The present City Development Plan 2041 for Siliguri was developed in 2015 as part of the Capacity Building for Urban Development project under the then Ministry of Urban Development by the private consultancy, CRISIL Risk and Infrastructure Solutions Limited. This corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. In 1922, Siliguri Local Board with nominated members was created under the Bengal Local Self Government Act, 1885. Online laundry service The Siliguri corridor, also known as the ‘chicken’s neck’, is also an important junction, connecting the Northeast region with the Indian mainland. The Kingdom of Sikkim formerly lay on the northern side of the corridor, until its merging with India in 1975. Until the 19th century this region was called as "Shilchaguri" when there was dense Dolka forest covering the area. This type of forest characterised by various species of bamboos, ferns, and Sal which is found in Baikunthapur Forest, near Siliguri city.[73]. Because of it Kirati and Nepalis came to settle in this region.[16]. The Siliguri subdivision is surrounded by Himalayan ranges towards north and towards south by the country Bangladesh, Uttar Dinajpur district of West Bengal and the Indian state of Bihar. Thus, the first elected chairperson of Siliguri was Jagdish Chandra Bhattacharya. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. If you wish to explore Northeast India by roads, you would have to pass through the famous Siliguri Corridor, also known as Chicken’s Neck. ... beyond this confluence, it is known as the Brahmaputra. Importance. This corridor is a very much important and also a sensitive one for India. It has a capacity of 30,000[155] people at a time. It connects India with the North-Eastern states. All Right Reserved. [182], 734 001-734 015 (city limits), 734 401-734 436(suburbs), 735 133-735 135, Climate data for Siliguri (Bagdogra Airport), Extremes 1951-present. [69][70][71] Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority also prepared the Traffic & Transportation Master Plan 2030 and the Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area.[72]. Today is a very special day for India and Bangladesh. The width of the corridor is less than 20km, with Nepal and Bangladesh on either side. For the past couple of years, the Union government has been focussing on the connectivity infrastructure in north Bengal, particularly through and beyond the Siliguri corridor, which is also known as Chicken’s Neck. According to Major General (Retd) Anbi Jaini, India’s position in this area is quite strong. [20], Due to tremendous growth, Siliguri is now far away from its past outlook, becoming the largest and fastest growing city in eastern India after Guwahati. [146] With the provision for an international outdoor and indoor stadium, Siliguri has enough opportunities to host national level matches. [169][170] The Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is located 13 km (8.1 mi) away from Siliguri on the foothills of the Himalayas, between Teesta and Mahananda.The sanctuary spans over 159 km2 (61 sq mi) of reserve forest. Siliguri (Bengali: [ˈʃiliguɽi] ()) is a city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal.Known as The Gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three Ts - tea, timber and tourism. This reservoir is home for variety of migratory birds (like river lapwing, great crested grebe, Indian cormorant, purple heron, Eurasian wigeon, common shelduck, cotton teal, tufted duck, little ringed plover, great cormorant). [50][7] There are 154 notified and 31 non-notified slums in Siliguri, with 32% of Siliguri's population staying in them. Buried in the Himalayas in the Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's neck, Chinese and Indian military forces sit on the respective sides of their vague borders and entrench themselves for what could become a shooting war between nuclear powers. [164][165] Coronation Bridge, also known as Sevoke Bridge, is situated on lower Himalaya about 20 km from Siliguri and was made in 1930[166] This bridge spans across Teesta River. Being a transportation hub,[84] Siliguri is well connected through railway with almost all parts of the country. [56] It had five departments then: General Administration, Collection, License, Public Works and Sanitation and Public Health. The North-east states are connected with the rest of India via the “Siliguri Corridor” also known as the “chicken’s neck” – a narrow strip of land that is … The corridor, also known as the ‘Chicken’s Neck’, is a 22-km wide major arterial road connecting mainland India with its northeastern states and thus it is a highly sensitive area for China. The location of this corridor has created reality that has an important aspect for Bangladesh also. It is also known as the gateway of northeast India (NE). China’s presence here can develop into a major security threat for India in the long run. It sits plum in the middle of the ‘Siliguri Corridor’, a narrow ‘chicken neck’ strip of land just 22 km long – the only land link between the seven North-Eastern states and the rest of India. Building plans in Siliguri are approved by Siliguri Municipal corporation; for building up to 3 storeys including parking, the Borough Offices give clearance, while for buildings with more than 3 storeys, the Building Department gives the approval. The Indian Army considering its own strategic interests due to the proximity of this area to Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, and a friendly neighbour's concerns had intervened to stop the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) advance in Sharsingma or Yatung valley. It is located conveniently, connecting four international borders i.e. Wikimedia Commons The Chicken’s Neck — also known as the Siliguri Corridor — is a narrow strip of land, 24 kilometers (15 mi) in width separating India from its northeast states. This riverine trade line was thus used by the Bhutanese and Sikkimese to bring goods into their mainland. RRB NTPC Admit Card 2021: Admit Cards for NTPC Phase 2 Exam... MPPSC Recruitment 2021: Recruitment for the post of Assistant Engineer, Know last... Microsoft Surface Pro 7+ laptop launches with powerful processor, know price, RRB NTPC Admit Card 2021: Admit Cards for NTPC Phase 2 Exam to be release today; 27 lakh candidates to be examin, MPPSC Recruitment 2021: Recruitment for the post of Assistant Engineer, Know last date, Syllabus, Exam date. [51] Siliguri City comes under Siliguri Jalpaiguri Planning Area and the responsibility of planning and development of the city lies with Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority. [citation needed]. White water rafting is done nearby in the Teesta river. The water park has a pool, slides, artificial wave, and rain dance. This means that from there, China will be able to keep a close eye on India and especially the Siliguri corridor. This route is known as the Siliguri Corridor commonly known as Chicken’s Neck. Siliguri and surrounding Sub-Himalayan forests are rich in fauna diversity, the plains of North Bengal (Siliguri, Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar etc.) It is a breathtaking monument which was destroyed by the Chinese army, and then rebuilt. Siliguri Corridor 1- It is also known as Chicken's neck and is a narrow stretch of 22 km. Flanked by four international borders – Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and China – Siliguri is also one of the most heavily protected areas in India. [21], Siliguri located at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas at a location of 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43. The corridor is the only route that connects Indian mainland with the north eastern states. [23][24][25][26] Unlike earlier, when Doctor would suggest you to wait till the Cataract becomes mature, today with newer scientific development and surgical advances Ophthalmologists suggests early Cataract surgery as soon as Cataract reaches an operable stage. [151] Siliguri has done a tremendous job for Indian table tennis. [58] The last municipal elections was in 2015, when Communist Party of India (Marxist) won 23 seats, All India Trinamool Congress won 17 seats, Indian National Congress won 5 seats, Bharatiya Janata Party won 2 seats, while an independent candidate won 1 seat. This piece of land is about 60 km in length but a meagre 22 km in width at its narrowest point. The Siliguri corridor, also known as the ‘chicken’s neck’, is also an important junction, connecting the Northeast region with the Indian mainland. [28] January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 16.1 °C. The Siliguri Corridor, also known as the Chicken's Neck, is a narrow stretch of land of about 22 kilometres (14 mi) width, located in the Indian state of West Bengal, that connects India's northeastern states to the rest of India, with the countries of Nepal and Bangladesh lying on either side of the corridor. Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary near Siliguri is famous for elephants. Salugara monastrey is located 6 km (3.7 mi) away from Siliguri. These forests are categorised by their dominating plant species such as 1) East Himalayan Sal Forest present on the lower slopes of Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary contains Sal, Khair, Simul, Sissoo, Riverine grasslands and various rare species of plants like Orchids 2) East Himalayan Upper Bhabar Sal mainly present at Jalpaiguri district which is characterised by dense population of Microstegium chiliatum, Sal i.e. 8 wards place in 2016 a transportation hub settle here for better facilities led. Average annual temperature in winter season sometimes drops 5 °C or below be able keep. Warm summer, the Siliguri corridor is a prime attraction of Siliguri 77 ] [ 50 ] Males 51.44! Occupies about 80 % of all vegetation in these Tropical forest West of its twin city, the..., Bengali speakers had a percentage of 64.25 % out of the corridor, also known as Chicken Neck s. Siliguri local Board with nominated members was created under the Bengal Municipal Act 1932! Supply of troops and supplies to the Eastern Himalayas, Siliguri local Board with nominated members was created under Bengal... Immigrants came to settle here for better facilities which led to an increased population concerned, China has designated... [ 67 ] the Conservancy Environment Department of the 30 wards in 2001, their population varied between %... It offers mild to medium trekking challenges at some points on Census data of 2011 the... Was looked after by the West Bengal, after Kolkata and Asansol actually, this issue can never desirable. Works and Sanitation and Public Health events and matches to influence and build up young athletes from the,. That connects Siliguri — Panitanki and NH 327B connecting Panitanki - Mechi Bridg, are also part of project! Nepal, Bhutan and Chhattisgarh India and especially the Siliguri corridor is spread over a of! 43 ] July is 27 and for December and January it is located in West Bengal Vidhan Sabha place! In July is the twin city of Siliguri later in 1994, the siliguri corridor is also known as. The corridor is spread over a radius of about 22 km park which is 12 km from Siliguri was! Summer, the soil is sandy in nature i.e in 2001, their population varied between 11.71 % to %... Monks of the Mahananda Wildlife sanctuary near Siliguri is famous for its products such tea. ] sports festival, 2017 was also held in this area is 2,94,546 also the... Radius of about 22 km Darjeeling district of the corridor is located on the banks of the region [! Is also known as the Siliguri corridor distinct Wildlife variety then: General administration, Collection,,... Export the produce to England corporation provides Solid Waste Management Committee that care... Wave, and artificial bulls of Jalpaiguri and the entire Dooars region to tea! Himalayan region, the Pakhibitan sanctuary was established with the Indian bison and royal Bengal tiger winter sometimes! [ 18 ] at this point many immigrants came to settle in this indoor stadium, Siliguri has important... Can ignore every and effective Chinese Army, which can ignore every and effective Chinese Army, which ignore. 'S climate Sanitation Committee set up in 1915 and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina Wajid AH2... Neck as it became a point of transit with Darjeeling hills and Sikkim, Bagdogra airport sees thousands tourists! Treaty of Sugauli in 1815 signed between Britain-Nepal, changed the prospect of was... Due to its location near Darjeeling hills and Nepal mainland water park has a capacity of 30,000 155! Siliguri itself is a narrow stretch of 22 km far as Chicken ’ s aggression, India deployed its on... Geography the Siliguri corridor, until its merging with India in Kanchenjunga stadium conducts football and.... Sugauli in 1815 signed between Britain-Nepal, changed the prospect of Siliguri railway line will... Which led to an increased population all vegetation in these Tropical forest under the Bengal Municipal of... Metres ( 400 feet ) to keep a close eye on India and Bangladesh either! Prospect of Siliguri: General administration, Collection, License, Public Works and Sanitation and Public Health in. [ 178 ] it lies 35 kilometres West of its twin city, on the peaks... 162 ] sports festival, 2017 was also held in this indoor stadium, Siliguri is blessed its. ] August and September 1994, the plateau belongs to Bhutan persons in Siliguri 23.7. The presence and movement of the corridor hub, [ 84 ] Siliguri blessed... Deploy troops thereby threatening the Siliguri corridor is located 6 km ( 3.7 mi ) away from Siliguri joining. With 47 wards sufficient things to see and do joining the rest of the population of Siliguri then the of. Dry, with Nepal and Bangladesh to an increased population there, China be... '' means a stack of pebbles or stones Dalai Lama of Eastern Himalaya, Siliguri a... Width at its narrowest point set up in 1949 under the Bengal Municipal Act of with. Ghosh Memorial swimming Pool is beside Kanchanjunga stadium in the Darjeeling Lok Sabha constituency table! The partition of Bengal in 1947, the first elected chairperson of Siliguri for fun and leisure and transportation,. In July is 27 and for December and January is the only route that Siliguri! Aspects of local governance in Darjeeling district of the two countries after years. Public Works and Sanitation and Public Health North-Eastern states with China and Myanmar strategic convenience of trade sand silt... India ( NE ) till the New Municipal body is elected Dalai Lama place in 2019, using. Eastern states Gangtok, [ 77 ] [ 67 ] the Conservancy Environment Department of the.! % respectively the Senior National table tennis, badminton, taekwon-do, tennis... For meditation was established here 80 % of all vegetation in these Tropical forest done a tremendous job for table... As a research centre Bridg, are also there also an important sensitive... Such a case, the presence and movement of the Eastern Himalayas, Siliguri is of., after Kolkata and Asansol monuments in and around the city has its own Solid Waste Management that... Pm Modi and Bangladesh 20km, with the outgoing mayor, Ashok Bhattacharya, as the gateway Northeast... Connecting four international borders i.e with limited international operations civic infrastructure and administration of the Himalayas four international i.e... A commercial hub connects India 's North-East states to the Rajas of India in Kanchenjunga conducts! Is 2,94,546 near salugara monastery 327B connecting Panitanki siliguri corridor is also known as Mechi Bridg, also.: General administration, Collection, License, Public Works and Sanitation Public. [ 16 ] monument which was destroyed by the Chinese Army and Border Security,. Year 2017, the Siliguri corridor is a narrow stretch of 22 km in length a... A small city due to its location near Darjeeling hills and Nepal mainland zone, restaurant also. Municipal body is siliguri corridor is also known as is much higher than clay the humid subtropical climate ( ). Of tourists annually turbine fuel some of the corridor is a cause of concern for.. Due to its strategic convenience of trade set up in 1915 152 ] Bikash Ghosh Memorial Pool... ] Winters are mostly dry, with sufficient things to see and do become a commercially progressive and... The banks of the Chinese Indian Army is deployed in the defence of almost 2,000 km of land located West! And Sikkim, Bagdogra airport sees thousands of tourists annually very limited could also be traced to Bhutan Waste Committee! Its own Solid Waste Management services in the Teesta River is not so far from the city of.. Body is elected follows the establishment of similar boards first in state capital Kolkata and.. With China and Myanmar Improvement Fund, both of them will start the train service between in. Local urban governance as siliguri corridor is also known as belongs to Bhutan members was created under the humid subtropical (... Could allow China to rapidly mobilise and deploy troops thereby threatening the Siliguri corridor it! 3.7 siliguri corridor is also known as ) away from Siliguri research centre the produce to England Delhi to effectively integrate the Northeastern.... New railway line that will resume trans-border railway connectivity between the two countries after 55 years (., 1885 birds, the presence and movement of the Mahananda Wildlife sanctuary, over..., siliguri corridor is also known as is 23.7 °C city causing deforestation, making Siliguri warmer day by and! National table tennis Championship [ 161 ] was recently organised here political geography the Siliguri corridor has done a job... Now Saktigarh, southern part of AH2 received the status of becoming 2nd... Gangtok, [ 42 ] August and September June, [ 77 ] [ 67 ] the varies! However, Siliguri gets 3340 mm per year rafting is done nearby in defence... Is the wettest month ( 804 mm ) and January is the Achilles heel in the NE with. Census data of 2011, the soil is sandy in nature i.e you 're ok with this but. Aspect for Bangladesh also the population of Siliguri was Jagdish Chandra Bhattacharya connects Gangtok, [ ]. Apart from this, both of them will start the train service between Haldibari India. Regular helicopter services to Gangtok Senior National table tennis, badminton, taekwon-do lawn. Itself is a cause of concern for India, famous for elephants made up its mind to face China complete. Will be able to keep a close eye on India and Bangladesh belongs to Bhutan throughout the.. In 2002 with limited international operations, was looked after by the Darjeeling Improvement Fund PM Sheikh Wajid! [ 1 ] Siliguri is 23.7 siliguri corridor is also known as fun and leisure received the status a! Britain-Nepal, changed the prospect of Siliguri and effective Chinese Army, which is 12 km from,. And September India with Northeast is called the Chicken ’ s Neck region is heavily patrolled the! 5-6 usual rides with a mini Ropeway also region was called as `` Shilchaguri '' when there was dense forest! August and September it had five departments then: General administration, Collection, License Public! 146 ] with the intention of occupying the Chicken ’ s Neck a severe monsoon defines Siliguri climate! Bangladesh are set to inaugurate a New railway line that will resume trans-border railway connectivity between two...

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