He landed on the west seacoast, which was west of the land of Nephi in about 588 BC (1 Nephi 18:23) and called it the promised land. In all of these instances the geographic location exists in both time periods, providing the necessary information in establishing a link between the timeline and geography of the two periods. Copyright © 2012, Phil Michel. Just where did the Jaredites come from anyway? Dr. Richard Hauck is correct in his 1988 assessment that the “narrow neck of land” could not have been the Isthmus of Tehuantepec but that the “narrow neck of land” and the “place where the sea divides the land” were most likely located on the southeastern periphery of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and on the Pacific coastal shelf (Hauck, 1988). The length of the line from the east to the west sea was the same as the distance across the narrow neck of land that led from the land Bountiful into the land northward. Joseph Smith and Book of Mormon Geography, Eastern Hemisphere Book of Mormon Geography, Western Hemisphere Book of Mormon Geography, Statements about Book of Mormon Geography, As We Interpret the Bible We Can Make Mistakes, Falling Away from the Pure Gospel of Jesus Christ. West sea Land Bountiful of the land southward. He explicitly states that the narrow neck of land is in fact located in Central America “…They lived about the narrow neck of land, which now embraces Central America, with all the cities that can be found…” (Times and Seasons, September 15, 1942). It, or the wilderness, refers to the land southward, which was called Bountiful. I believe that as we narrow our focus and search, our resources will best be used by focusing our efforts on the areas mentioned above. Nehor9 is the next city mentioned after the city of Moron. Moron was also located near Nephite-designated Desolation8 (Ether 7:6) in the Jaredite land Northward. The only place currently known is within the Olmec/early locations for the Jaredites. Hill Shim (place where Ammoron hid the Nephite records) was “passed by” by Omer when he fled Moron and traveled many days (Ether 9:3). The proposed maps, while not exact in Note:“Naphtuhim” is the plural form of "Nephet" which means honeycomb. Following the battle, Coriantumr’s army chased Shiz southward to Ogath, which was located near Ramah/Cumorah. The word Mulekite, after Mulek, is commonly used to refer to his group. And it bordered upon the land which they called Desolation, it being so far northward that it came into the land which had been peopled and been destroyed. 5). The actual journey the Jaredites took is illustrated in the following three map diagrams. The Jaredite civilization started in the Western Hemisphere about 2900 BC 4. The west sea land Bountiful bordered the west sea, extended northward from the narrow strip of wilderness, and was located south from and adjacent to Desolation. The use of came up implies another geographic relationship. 3 See appendix A, Copyright © 2021, Book of Mormon Archaeological Forum, PARALLELS: Mesoamerican and Ancient Middle Eastern Traditions, Decoding Ancient America: A Guide to the Archaeology of the Book of Mormon, Mesoamerica and the Book of Mormon, Is This the Place? How Long did it take Joseph Smith to Translate? Check Google for satellite maps of Oaxaca, find Salina Cruz and go to the southeast. Desolation would have bordered the Pacific Ocean as would the greater land of Moron to the west of Desolation. I will openly concede to anyone whose argument is rooted in the Book of Mormon and discredits mine. From the geographical evidence within the text of the Book of Ether, I will systematically examine the above claims through a careful reading of the terminology and events of the Jaredites. Coriantumr left Moron to battle in the valley of Gilgal. Not only do the Olmec fit the growth in population, decline in population, and the evidence of a written language, they also have settlements similar to the internal Jaredite map. It would then follow that the Pacific Ocean would have been the Jaredite south sea/ Nephite west sea. It means honeycomb people or beekeepers, or people of deseret. Come, Follow Me (Older Children)-Doctrine and ... Each one spoke words the others did not know. 12…the armies of Coriantumr did press forward upon Lib, that he fled to the borders upon the seashore. At the...time their languages were founded, and not understanding one another, they went away to different parts of the world.” (Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl, Obras Historicas, I, 15-17)(40), “The ancestors of the natives of this land that is now called New Spain, according to the common and general opinion of everyone, as well as that which appears demonstrated in their paintings, came from ... the Division of Babel". Ether 6:5 states the Jaredite barges were propelled by a furious wind that “did never cease to blow towards the promised land” (vs.8). .they were dispersed abroad, on account of their languages, and went out by colonies everywhere; and each colony took possession of that land which they light upon, and unto which God led them; so that the whole continent was filled with them, both the inland and the maritime countries. Some, from these families, could have eventually extended into southern Mesoamerica and northward past the Mexico City area. If Heshlon was not on the side of Gilgal opposite of Moron, then it would have been possible for the battle to have progressed to Moron instead of back into Gilgal. Land of Nephi West Sea of the land southward They repented not of their iniquity and were destroyed about 580 BC (Maxwell Institute, Years of the Jaredites) , to protect themselves in it when the second world would be destroyed. It incorporates all of the above imperatives. West sea land Bountiful was located north of the narrow strip of wilderness and bordered on the west sea until it came to the “line” between Bountiful and desolation hereafter denoted line. The Book of Ether is mainly a history of the descendants of Jared. By Doug Christensen In July 1941, at a conference sponsored by the Mexican Society of Anthropology, new findings were presented about a race of people that predated the Mayas in Mesoamerica.Though scholars did their best to discredit the findings, this culture which has come to be known as the Olmecs has been shown to reach back to pre-Christian times during which … 8. By 72 BC the Nephites possessed all of the land northward from the narrow strip of wilderness and had started to possess the Jaredite land northward including the land of Desolation. As of 90 BC, the Land of Nephi and the land of Zarahemla were divided by a narrow strip of mountainous (Andersen)6 wilderness that extended to the east and west seas with the Land of Nephi south of the wilderness and the land of Zarahemla north of the wilderness, called Ripliancum (Ether 15:8) 5. The land Desolation was located adjacent to Bountiful, which was part of the land southward (Alma 22:30-32). It was not until 1941 that two Mexican archaeologists, Alfonso Caso and Miguel Covarrubias, along with an American archaeologist, Matthew Stirling, proclaimed that a culture that has become known as the Olmecs was the mother culture of Mexico. In the end, Ether observes and records the destruction of the entire kingdom and fulfillment of prophecy. The above scripture also establishes that Ramah, which is the place where the Nephites were destroyed, is west of the sea near Ablom and thus north of Desolation. And the brother of Jared being a large and mighty man, and a man highly favored of the Lord, Jared, his brother, said unto him: Cry unto the Lord, that he will not confound us that we may not understand our words. The Jaredite land Northward was the same as the Nephite north country (Hel 4:7-8, Hel 6:8, Hel 7:1, Hel 3:3-12, Omni 1:22). Dont believe everything archaeologists come up with. Assuming that the scriptures mention all the locations that the troops would have crossed in pursuit of battle, then it is safe to say that the locations that are mentioned in relation to one another are in fact adjacent. But the Gods destroyed it with lightings and confounded the languages of the builders. There were some also who passed over the sea in ships, and inhabited the islands: and some of those nations do still retain the denominations which were given them by their first founders." 158. 6. Why Book of Mormon Events in Mesoamerica? In chapter 14 in verses 12-14 the following route unfolds as the battle leaves Moron for the last time: However, the Maya in the Mirador Basin could not have been the Jaredite people described in the Book of Mormon. The Jaredites Came From the Tower of Babel, “And now I, Moroni, proceed to give an account of those ancient inhabitants who were destroyed by the hand of the Lord upon the face of this north country. Part IV: Placing the internal maps within Mesoamerica There was a small neck of land that included the “line” and divided the land northward (Jaredite) from the land southward (Nephite) (Alma 22:32). 5) of four groups that the Lord “planted” in different parts of His vineyard; some in good lands and other in not so favorable circumstances. (Josephus Bk. While some may view this as simply anecdotal, I feel that additional authoritative authentication only gives further credence to a theory that is so fully supported by the weight of the Book of Mormon. North However, the following verses show another aspect of this task, one not yet encountered by the Jaredites. Despite the self-annihilation of the Jaredite people, there were still other people outside of the Jaredite kingdom lineage who inhabited and cultivated the surrounding area of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. This configuration places Moron somewhere within the Oaxaca valley, which comprised the major Jaredite population in the southern part of the kingdom. Pre-classic Zapotec people of Southern Mexico. So where on earth, or more correctly, on the Western Hemisphere, is there any evidence of such a massive population that also had a written language having existed about 250 to 350 BC? Visions, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of LDS, Joseph Smith Documents Dating through June 1831, I give…the account…from the tower down until they were destroyed.”, 3. 29…the Nephites had taken possession of all the northern parts of the land bordering on the [narrow strip of] wilderness…from the east to the west, round about on the wilderness side; on the north, even until they came to the land which they called Bountiful. I've tackled this issue in a previous videos, … In 1842 the Prophet Joseph Smith gave his latest statements of his personal beliefs regarding the geography of the Book of Mormon. Book of Mormon Events in the United States? Any Archaeological Evidence in the United States? I want to emphasize that the Isthmus of Tehuantepec could not have been the narrow neck of land leading into the land northward because the entire isthmus was the Jaredite land northward from the south sea to the north sea. While the debate still burns as to where in Mesoamerica the Nephites and Lamanites resided, few have attempted to create and identify an internal map of the geography of the Jaredites. Printer’s Manuscript of the Book of Mormon. Establishing an expanded internal map of the geography of the Jaredites The blue circle shows the Jaredite heartland of the north kingdom. 7 The Allens postulate this to have been about 12 miles (Exploring the Lands of the Book of Mormon, 119). Since the wilderness of Akish is located in between Moron and Desolation and the seashore is southerly, then the plains of Agosh could only have been located to the north, east, or some combination thereof from the wilderness of Akish. “Line” between Desolation and Bountiful (Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl, Obras Historicas, :9), ---------------------- Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora an ordained Catholic priest, (1645-1700). Lorenzo Boturini, speaking of the ancestral Indians [or Jaredites], tells us "they traveled for a long time in Asia…going from one place to another and carrying with them seeds, particularly of corn, chili, and beans, and in each region they cut down the forests [cleared the land] and prepared farm land [or sowing fields], and perhaps leaving behind the aged and weary that they might populate those lands; and so they … 2. The Hill in the State of New York called Cumorah, No Artifacts At The New York Hill Cumorah. The Jaredite land northward, as described in the Book of Mormon, did not extend into the Mexico City area and probably not even into the Veracruz area. The information above establishes that the land of the Jaredites overlaps in some areas with the land of the Nephites. Ramah/Cumorah was located northward of Desolation and Moron 32 …it was only the distance of a day and a half’s journey for a Nephite, on the line Bountiful and the land Desolation, from the east to the west sea;… Joe: I don’t know if you have already located the only place in America where “the narrow neck of land, by the place where the sea divides the land…” does exists as a natural geographical and geological feature. Sometime after the flood, the descendants of Noah built the tower of Babel and the Lord did “scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.” It’s not clear how long had passed since the flood or who was still alive from Noah and his sons, but the verse after this description gives “the generations of Shem” (Genesis 11:9-10). The length of this defensive line was only about 12-20 miles7. population illustrates how the Jaredites and also the descendants of the other eleven couples could have quickly populated many areas and established many cities (and perhaps several independent cultures) by about 2000 BC. 10 At the time when the Jaredites departed from the area of the "great tower" of Bable the Lord "confounded the language of all the earth". Where Did the Mulekite Culture Come From? And I take mine account from the twenty and four plates…which is called the Book of Ether. During the first part of chapter 14 the wilderness of Akish becomes the geographic focal point as Coriantumr and Lib fight back and forth. Since the only time the word shore is used is in reference to the sea or as part of the word seashore, I conclude that the context and use of the word is consistent throughout the scriptures and thus refers to the ocean. Even though the Jaredites started with a little more than a couple dozen adults, the long life span aided in the number of progeny, exponentially increasing the growth of the population. Knowing that the languages would be confounded, Jared asked his brother to… ` Narrow strip of mountainous wilderness Joseph Smith additionally states, “…we have found another important fact relating to the truth of the Book of Mormon. They are found in Times and Seasons, of which he was editor and manager and for which he had personally assumed complete responsibility. The Lord directed the brother of Jared to build eight. Jaredites had a true civilization from about. Land of Zarahemla The afore mentioned determination of Moron’s location and proximity relative to Desolation shows that the sea that bordered Desolation was most likely the same sea nearest Moron. Just before Jared and his brother died they counted all their people. Desolation was located northward from the line and was part of the land northward. Coriantumr builds up his army for two years in the wilderness of Akish and then attacks Lib in Moron (Ether 14:7,11). "There are many well-known reasons for believing they were Asiatic by origin." If the Jaredites were the Olmecs then what can we gather about the Olmecs that corresponds with what we know about the Jaredites? Coriantumr camped nearby in the valley of Shurr. Ether 6:11 tells us the barges were “driven forth three hundred and forty and four days upon the water.” The Mormon Church has never really given an official position as to the route taken by the Jaredites. Are The Names in The Book of Mormon Authentic? For all other instances when Moron is not the intended kingdom, the scriptures specifically state the title of the alternate kingdom as in Ether 7:20 where it specifies “the kingdom of Cohor,” or sometimes it states “half of the Kingdom.”. Interestingly enough, a good friend of mine named Rolando Amado, president of the Archeological Research institute in Mesoamerica (ARIMA), agrees with Richard Hauck and me in an email in June 2011 where he says, This is the only location in the book of Ether where the distance between two areas is quantified by a number of days. All contained in a 100-120 km. Title: Who Were the Jaredites?, Part 2: Could They Be the Maya? 8 See appendix B for information explaining why Desolation was east of Moron. We read in the Book of Jacob (ch. 3. The large red circle is the proposed area of the Jaredites. The city of Zarahemla stood upon this land…” (Times and Seasons, October 1, 1942). 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