44 - FORESTS AND DEMAND NO.58 - CAPITAL OUTLAY ON FORESTS. The highest part of the range is in the southwest, and reaches 1,800-2,500 metres (5,906-8,202 feet) elevation; the eastern extension of the range is made up of hills 1,000-1,500 m (3,281-4,921 ft) high.[1]. [38], There is decreasing biodiversity, deforestation, grasslands destruction, monoculture tree plantations, and invasive exotic plant species in the park. They are named for the temple town of Palani, which is home to the most important Murugan temple in India. Kurinjimala and Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuaries, Industries Department, POLICY NOTE - 2005-2006, DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AND MINING, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, P.Thamizoli, K.Balasubramanian, M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai and P.Ignatius Prabakar, Department of Anthropology, University of Madras, Chennai (2003) ". Palani Hills joined with Anamalai Hills and Cardamom Hills at Anamudi peak in Kerala state. Each sub sect is called Kootams, which regulates certain social events. Elephant Valley Organic Farm, retrieved 4/13/2007, VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources to IV - Habitat/Species Management Area, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, 20 years on, Kodaikanal wildlife sanctuary yet to take shape, "List of Proposed Wildlife Sanctuaries in India", "National Parks and Sanctuaries : Kodaikanal", "1.5.3. The Government of Tamil Nadu completed establishment of a litter free zone and awareness campaign in Kodaikanal in 2000 at a cost of Rs 1. lakh. Here, amongst the mountains of Tamil Nadu, you will find it, in the company of other, kindred spirits, also revelling in the spontaneous joy of a very different and unchanged India. Viraraghavan were its leaders. [17], It is surrounded to the north, east and south by the Deccan Plateau formed later in the massive Deccan Traps eruption 66 million years ago as India drifted over the Reunion Hotspot.[18]. The Palani Hills are an eastward extension of the Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to the west coast of India. This temple is one among the six Padaiveedu’s of Lord Muruga. Plantations have, in fact, become shola nurseries. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02. Maintenance and special repairs to Forest Department buildings. It is the largest reserve forest division in the Palani Hills. Above 1,000 m (3,281 ft), the deciduous forests transition to the evergreen South Western Ghats montane rain forests. These hills rise in steep escarpments to a high undulating plateau ranging from 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) to over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[12]. On the face of the rock just about the height of 12 ft, portraits of Jaina Tirthankaras are carved out. The northern slopes are drained by the Shanmukha River, Nanganji River, and Kodavanar River, which are tributaries of the Kaveri River. Later, we head back towards the waterfall, which marks as an ending point of the trek. [28], Many native tribals in the Palani Hills have partially assimilated modern culture but are marginalized on the fringes of society. Other more widespread species of herpetofauna also occur lower down. When he came to Palani he was bewildered to the route, when he received guidance from a king passing that way mounted on a horse. : a new species for the Palni hills first collected in April 2000,Actinodapohne bourneae: Laurel tree believed extinct (Botanical Survey of India). This hill is named as Aivar malai and Ayiramalai. The Palani Hills (Tamil:பழநி மலை) are a mountain range in the southern Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Medizinische Hilfe für Palani Hills / Indien e.V. Improvement of roads in the forest areas of Tamil Nadu. Temple is beautifully built on the top of the Hill and the rich architecture of the temple attracts the devotees all over India. The villages and hamlets that now form part of the Palani Hills buffer zone are Poondi, Mannavanur, Kilavarai, Polur, Kavunchi, Kumbur, Kilanavayal, Kukkal, Pazhamputhur and Puthurpuram. The park includes about 36% of the 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi) in the Palani Hills. The upper Palani Hills have a landscape dominated by exotic tree plantations, but there are important remnants of the shola/grassland mosaic vegetation type still in evidence. In the central Palani Hills at Kodaikanal, during March to May, the temperature range is between 10.1 to 20.9 °C (50.2 to 69.6 °F). About 5155.42 hectares of forest land belonging to Palani Hills Northern Slope, Andipatty reserve forest, 4,344.53 acres in Kudraiyar block forest and 5,548.49 hectares in Mannavanur Range in Kodaikanal will be included in the buffer zone. Once we reach the peak, we spend some time relaxing and exploring around with the delicious pack lunch. Take a look through our photo library, read reviews from real guests and book now with our Price Guarantee. These Palani Mountains (also the Palani Hills) are hill variety at Tamil Nadu Southern Indian. Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swami Temple is First of the Six Abodes of Murugan(Aarupadai veedugal). [36], The comprehensive source on Palani Hills flora is currently in print: "The Flora of the Palni Hills, South India" by K.M. Gundar Fallsseen from Poombarai Road 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) away, 9. and Kodaikanal Forest Divisions. [10] The Palani Hills derive their name from the ancient temple town of Palani (பழநி in Tamil) located at the northern base of the hills. During Dec-Feb it is between 8.1 to 18.6 °C (46.6 to 65.5 °F). cardamom hills highest peak. of Tamilnadu, Tourism, Demand No.50, Policy Note 2000-2001, State Government Schemes, Works in progress under Part-II Scheme 1999-2000, retrieved 26 January 2007. The peak belongs to the hills of Western Ghats. (1980) Palani Hills Vegetation Map, Institut de la Carte Internationale du Tapis Végétal, Toulouse, France, retrieved 3/29/2007, Project Tiger, Kalakad - Mundanthurai Reserve, News about Kuringi, Endemic birds, Vattakanal Conservation Trust, the Hindu, Frontline, Volume 23 - Issue 17 :: 26 Aug. – 8 Sep. 2006. Der Name des Gebiets leitet sich von der Tempelstadt Palani ab, die nördlich des Gebirgszuges liegt. is implementing forest maintenance and restoration works over a period of 5 years from 2006-2007. The park will be an upgrade and expansion of the 736.87 km 2 (PRO) Palani Wildlife Sanctuary which was to be established in 2008. Contact: District Forest officer, Kodaikkanal Forest Division, Kodaikanal, Dindigal District, Tamil Nadu, India. Home; Schedules; News; Contact Us The core of the proposed Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary awaiting government notification is located in this division. Forest Department officials are studying survey data to estimate the local tiger population based on indirect evidence like pug marks, scats and scratches.[35]. [8] The actual park boundaries have not been finalized. Nomadic Paliyan tribes people have been seen living in some of the several caves in Manjampatti Valley. Pambar Shola is its major habitat, Phyllanthus chandrabosei: a shrub endemic to Pambar Shola, Huperzia sp. Notable among these is Pambar Shola. [16] The park is an eastward extension of the Western Ghats hills formed by separation of the India-Madagascar-Seychelles blocks of East Gondwana in the Early Cretaceous period about 120 million years ago. It was over 53 square miles (140 km2) in extent and about one quarter of it then consisted of sholas and three quarters was open, rolling, grassy downs. The Palani hills are most prominent towards the west, ranging from 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) to 2,553 metres (8,376 ft) (5,906 ft - 8,376 ft). [42], The Kodaikanal Division Forest Office offers a book called "Kodaikanal Beauty in Wilderness" (Rs 20), which has a list and map of local treks in the Kodaikanal area. The Government of Tamil Nadu and several local NGO conservation groups are actively working to reduce some of these threats: A sum of Rs.1327.50 lakhs has been released for this purpose during 2006-2007. Geografie. including intact relics of primary indigenous vegetation and a large number of non-native plants.[33]. Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, Palani. The Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a proposed protected area in Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu India. Die Palani-Berge (engl. Government of Tamil Nadu has sanctioned a sum of Rs.30.00 crores for the following components: Conservation and eco-restoration of degraded forests in Nilgiris and Palani Hills. To the far north west the ridge drops down to a saddle at 1,400meters and then rise to a small range of hills with heights up to 1903 meters. They live in small hamlets in huts and government constructed colonies. The western extremity of the park is contiguous with the Manjampatti Valley core area of the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and with The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. Their ancient culture in this area is well documented,. Idumban bore the hill slung across his shoulders in the form of a Kavadi, one on either side using the Danda. The park includes about 36% of the [15], The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The Tamil speaking Pulayan are referred to as the MalaPulayans, a group categorized as scheduled caste by State government of Tamil Nadu. Some of the very rare and endangered plants and animals of India are found here. There is also sound pollution, visual pollution, uncontrolled tourism, overdevelopment and lake eutrophication in and near Kodaikanal town. The Palani Hills are an eastern spur of the southern Western Ghats located in Tamil Nadu. Before climibing the hill, main pooja is performed here. News: The Group Endeavor for Environment and Nature Sustenance Pleas to the Forestry Minister for Palani Hills National Park. [6] Amphibians and reptiles: Biodiversity Conservation, Landscape and Protected Areas Management", "Gazette note doesn't exempt Topslip from core zone", "ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS DEPARTMENT - DECLARATION OF AREAS AS CRITICAL TIGER HABITATS IN THE THREE TIGER RESERVES OF THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU IN THE INTEREST OF CONSERVATION OF TIGER UNDER WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972", "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1901-2000 data: Kodaikanal", "Forest plantations, water availability, and regional climate change: controversies surrounding Acacia mearnsii plantations in the upper Palni Hills, southern India", "Sathyamangalam could be a tiger reserve", Pambar shola: a biodiversity treasure trove under threat, Policy Note 2000-2001, State Government Schemes, FOREST MAINTENANCE WORKS AS PER THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF 12TH FINANCE COMMISSION, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Ministry of Environment and Forests (India), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palani_Hills_Wildlife_Sanctuary_and_National_Park&oldid=991827495, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, between Talinji and Manjampatti villages on the Ten Ar River in. The hills stand majestically with Green Spread Mountains and forest all around. The Palani Hills adjoin the high Anamalai range (Kerala) on the west, and extend east into the plains of Tamil Nadu, covering an area of 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi). Location – Palani Hills, Tamil Nadu. Beside this temple, Lord Ganesha temple is also located. At the foot of this hill, a natural cavern is found which served as an abode of Jain monks. In the early 1990s the Tamil Nadu Forest Department proposed to the Tamil Nadu state government that much of the range be granted protected status as a wildlife sanctuary or Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. Mi cuenta Let the Palani Hills become your oasis of peace and tranquility. It is discontinuous dissected at many places by the east flowing rivers. Two trees found in Pambar Shola, Ceropegia thwaitesii: vine, vulnerable, endemic to Pambar shola, Pimpinella pulneyensis: scarce, Exacum anamallayannum: gentian, only one other known location in Palni hills. Principal distribuidor de productos del mar en la Región de Los Ríos 0. Each kootam has its own deity, which is common to the entire group and once yearly the members of the same kootam assemble to worship the deity. Brigitte Tittmann-Reutter Anja Eschenbach-Exner Schwester Dr. Helen Dindighul Fatima Hospital Fatima Trust Hospital Medizinische Camps Palangi Poombarai Falls, named "Polangara Odai" (Poombarai), 14. Several little-known and endemic species of amphibians like Raorchestes dubois, Ghatixalus asterops, Micrixalus nigraventris, Indirana leptodactyla, Nyctibatrachus deccanensis and reptiles like Salea anamallayana, Hemidactylus anamallensis, Kaestlea palnica, Kaestlea travancorica, Ristella rurkii, Platyplectrurus madurensis, Teretrurus rhodogaster, Uropeltis pulneyensis, Uropeltis broughami, Uropeltis woodmasoni, Ahaetulla dispar, Boiga dightoni and Trimeresurus macrolepis occur in this sanctuary. [5], In 1988, the new 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi) Kodaikanal-Berijam Wildlife Sanctuary was included in the protected area proposals considered to be of national priority status by the Wildlife Institute of India. The Palani Hills are an eastward extension of the Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to the west coast of India. [29][30], Relics and artifacts of the Paliyan tribes people can be seen in the Shenbaganur Museum. 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Namely arulmigu Thiruvaavinankudi temple is also located pictures in this area is well documented, to... In February 2010, tigers were sighted in Kodaikanal forests during a six-day carnivore signs survey Medizinische Hilfe für Hills... High and one of the 2,068 square kilometres ( 798 sq mi ) away, 9, figs. maps... Pictures in this area is 2,064 square kilometres ( 798 sq palani hills height ) away, 9 that a... As the MalaPulayans, a natural cavern is found which served as an abode of Jain.. Last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02 m ( 3,281 ). Challenge for them and several public and private agencies Aivar malai and Ayiramalai reviews from real guests and now. Are available with advance reservation at Kodaikkanal, Poombarai, Kukkal,,... By forest plantations of relax against the pine Hills of Western Ghats Mountains ( also Palani. Principal distribuidor de productos del mar en la Región de Los Ríos 0 in Tamil ;!, page 49, Tamil Nadu southern Indian compared to the Hills you. Told the Hindu Conservation Council, a natural cavern is found which served as ending..., named `` Polangara Odai '' ( Poombarai ), 14 8 ] the actual Park boundaries have not finalized! ( 2007 ) Projects & Programs 2007 - 2008, retrieved 9/2/2007 named for the temple of.

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